Patients frequently visit their dentists with complains of bleeding, painful or swollen gums. In most cases, bleeding gums are associated with periodontal (gum-related) diseases. Two of the most common gum-related diseases are gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis results in generalized swelling of gum and occasional bleeding. Periodontitis, on the other hand, is the more advanced stage of the former, characterized by gum recession, gingival pocketing, bone loss, mobility of the teeth and frequent bleeding. Gingivitis and early stages of periodontitis are reversible with proper cleaning and oral hygiene maintenance.
Scaling and Root Planing
Scaling refers to cleaning of the teeth and removal of plaque or calculus from different surfaces of the teeth. Scaling is necessary to maintain ideal oral hygiene particularly in patients who do not brush properly or regularly. Removal of periodontal disease causing agents from the teeth relieves swelling, reduces bleeding of gums significantly and also prevents halitosis (bad breath).
Scaling can be done in two ways: hand-held scalers and curettes, or mechanical hand pieces fitted with scalers of different sizes. In case of excessive pain and swelling of gums, patients are given local anesthesia to ensure a pain-free treatment.
Root planing is the deep cleaning of teeth that involves removal of food debris and calculus from below gum level. Compaction of food debris and calculus usually occurs in patients having deep gingival pocketing, a characteristic of periodontitis.
Regular periodontal checkups and scaling once every 4 months is necessary to maintain excellent oral health and hygiene.
Periodontal Disease and Complication
Gingivitis, the early stage of periodontal disease, is reversible with proper periodontal disease treatment and care. However, periodontitis is unfortunately not reversible. However, with proper medication and care, one can live in a pain-free manner.
Some of the main risk factors include:
- Smoking and similar habits
- Hormonal changes, especially in women
- Medications and other illnesses
Gum disease can lead to other health issues as well including heart problems and diabetes. This is why it is important to take care of your teeth and visit a dentist like Dr. Trivedi in Austin to take care of your teeth.
Periodontal Disease Treatment Cost in Austin
The cost of prophylaxis, a regular dental cleaning procedure, is around $80, however, in some cases, you may need more treatments like scaling and root planing sending the cost to as high as $900. Additionally, it is important to maintain your health and the cost of maintenance can be around $115. You must visit Honest Family Dental to get an exact estimate. Most of the cost can be covered by insurance, so you do not have much to worry about.
Dr. Trivedi and his team at Honest Family Dental in Austin, TX, is waiting to give you a healthy smile and healthy life. For the right periodontal disease treatment in Austin, TX. Call (512) 968-7857 today to book an appointment.